What Is It and Why Do I Need It?
Your dentist may have suggested to you that Root Canal Therapy ( otherwise known as Endodontics ) was needed for a particular tooth. They may have briefly discussed some of the facts concerning the procedures involved in root canal therapy but perhaps you would like some more information. 

Years ago, a badly infected tooth, or one that just had significant decay, was doomed to be extracted. Today the majority of these teeth can be salvaged through a procedures utilized by both the General Dentist and the root canal specialist, the Endodontist. 

Extraction is truly our last resort! 

Some indications of the need for root canal treatment may be:

  • Spontaneous pain or throbbing while biting.
  • Sensitivity to hot and cold foods.
  • Severe decay or an injury that creates an abcess (infection) in the bone.

Root canal treatment consists of :

  1. The removal of the infected or irritated nerve tissue that lies within the root of the tooth. It is this infected pulp tissue that causes an eventual abscess.
  2. The first step in a root canal is to obtain access to the nerve. This is accomplished by establishing a small access opening in the top of the tooth. It will be done under a local anesthetic.
  3. The length of the root canals is determined and the infected pulp is removed.
  4. At the same visit, the canal where the nerve is located will be reshaped and prepared to accept a special root canal filling material. This filling procedure will probably not occur until your next visit. The number of visits necessary to complete your root canal will depend upon several factors including the number of nerves in the tooth, the infected state of the nerve and the complexity of the procedure.
  5. The final step in your root canal will be the sealing of the root canal with a sterile, plastic material, called gutta percha This is done in order to prevent possible future infection.

The tooth will then possibly need a post and core and a crown in order to re-establish normal form and function. This decision will be based upon several additional factors. 

If treated early, root canal therapy need not be uncomfortable. With the use of local anesthetics, the entire procedure can be totally painless. 

Another ” Old Wive’s Tale ” is that by removing the nerve the tooth becomes ” dead “. This is not true. The tooth is very much alive and functioning because it receives a source of blood supply and nerve supply from the surrounding tissues that hold it in place in your jaw bone. The tooth will have no sense of feeling to hot, cold or sweets but will be responsive to biting pressures etc. With the proper restoration the tooth should last as long as your other teeth and can even be used as an anchor tooth for a partial denture or cemented bridge. The success rates for root canal therapy have been reported to be as high as 95%. 

Sometimes when there has been long standing infection or abscess, there may be some soreness associated with the first or second root canal visit. If this should turn out to be true you will be given specific instructions to follow to minimize the discomfort. When an infection is present, it may be necessary to take an antibiotic. If pain should be present, analgesics may need to be prescribed. In either case, be sure to call your dental office if either of these problems should arise. 

If any additional questions should arise after your visit, please do not hesitate to call your dentist. 

While teeth are hard calcified objects, they are not completely solid. In the inner most aspect of every tooth there lies a hollow space which, when a tooth is healthy, contains the tooth’s nerve tissue. Dentists use the following terms to refer to various portions of this nerve area:

The pulp chamber. 
This is a hollow space that lies more or less in the center of the tooth. 

The root canals. 
Each nerve enters the tooth from the apex of the root. From this point the nerve then runs up through the center of the root, from “root canals” which subsequently ends in the tooth’s pulp chamber. 

What are the functions of a tooth’s nerve tissue? 

You might think that a tooth’s nerve tissue is vitally important to a tooth’s health and function, but in reality it’s not. A tooth’s nerve tissue plays an important role in the growth and development of the tooth, but once the tooth has erupted through the gums and has finished maturing the nerve’s only function is sensory (it provides the tooth with the ability to feel hot and cold). 

In regard to the normal day to day functioning of our mouth, the sensory information provided by a single tooth is really quite minimal. Dentists realize that on a practical level it is pretty much academic whether a tooth has a live nerve in it or not. If a tooth’s nerve tissue is present and healthy, wonderful. But if a tooth has had its nerve tissue removed during root canal treatment that’s fine too. 

The root canal treatment is indicated when the pulp got infected and necrotized. 
The root canal treatment (R.C.T) involves removal of the dead and decayed pulp tissue, cleaning and shaping of the Root Canals and finally filling it with a inert and Biomaterial, and then reinforcing the tooth with a metal post and crown.