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Gum Diseases

Studies demonstrate that at least 75% of extractions performed on adults are due to periodontal (gum) disease. Once known as “pyorrhea,” periodontitis is primarily caused by the same factors that cause tooth decay – the accumulation of plaque at and beneath the gum line. In its early stages gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) affects 98% of the population. Left untreated, it is likely to lead to mild, moderate, and ultimately, advanced periodontitis with premature loss of teeth. Ironically, periodontal disease can be prevented, an approach far less costly and distressing than periodontal treatment for more advanced cases. Today, life expectancies are projected well into the eighties, and beyond. It is a gross miscalculation that tooth loss and full dentures are inevitable. With proper home care, and professional supervision, there is no reason why people can’t enjoy the comforts of dental health, well into later life.

Gingivitis and periodontitis are two stages of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is defined as an inflammation of the gums. Periodontitis is a more severe form of periodontal disease and usually involves the loss of some tooth support. Untreated gingivitis can progress to a more advanced form of periodontal disease with the eventual loss of teeth.

Symptoms of early periodontal disease include redness of the gums and minimal accumulation of plaque and calculus at the gumline. With advanced gingivitis, plaque and calculus are more evident and some bleeding occur when the gumline is probed.

The causative agents to these conditions are plaque and calculus. Gingivitis can easily be resolved by regular cleaning known as Prophylaxis.

Periodontal disease is classified under two categories; gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the more mild form of periodontal disease. With effective and timely teeth cleaning, gingivitis can be completely reversed.

Periodontitis is a condition that may be controlled but not cured. People with periodontitis have bad breath, tooth mobility and bleeding gums. Severe inflammation of the gums, gum recession, alveolar bone loss (the bone that supports the tooth is "eaten away"), and pustular discharge are common signs of periodontitis.
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